The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has implemented a new grading system for Class 10 students from the academic year 2009-10. This system, which is still in use today, awards grades from ‘A’ to ‘E’ based on a 5-point scale. Students can visit the official website of the CBSE Board at cbseresults.nic.in to check the class 10 syllabus, exam format, and grading system. In this article, we will discuss the CBSE Class 10 grading system, and how to calculate CBSE 10th percentage from CGPA marks.

An ‘A’ grade indicates the highest marks, while an ‘E’ grade represents the lowest. CBSE has established specific point ranges for each grade, allowing students to receive grade points in addition to letter grades. These grade points can be converted into percentages using a designated formula.

The official marksheet provided by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will only include grades, as CBSE does not mention the CGPA or percentage. Students can find more information about the procedure that they need to follow on how to calculate CBSE 10th percentage from CGPA marks.

## Grading System in CBSE Class 10

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is used to determine a student’s overall academic performance for the year. It is calculated as the average of all the grade points a student has earned across their subjects, excluding extracurricular activities.

In 2021, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) introduced a new grading system due to the cancellation of board examinations for Class 10. Under this system, students must achieve qualifying grades in four out of five subjects using a nine-point scale to advance to the next class.

CBSE has decided that report cards will no longer indicate a pass or fail status. Instead, 20 points out of 100 are allocated for internal evaluation, while the remaining 80 points are based on objective criteria.

## CBSE Class 10 Grading System Chart

The CBSE Class 10 exams use a 9-point grading system to evaluate students based on their summative and formative assessments, corresponding to a specific range of marks. Each student is assigned a grade and a corresponding grade point. However, many students find this system difficult to understand.

To clarify, the CBSE evaluates Class 9 and Class 10 students using this 9-point grading system. Here is a nine-point grading table to help students understand the system better:

Marks | Grades | Grades Points |

91 – 100 | A1 | 10 |

81 – 90 | A2 | 9 |

71 – 80 | B1 | 8 |

61- 70 | B2 | 7 |

51 – 60 | C1 | 6 |

41 – 50 | C2 | 5 |

31 – 40 | D1 | 4 |

21 – 30 | E1 | Fail |

0 – 20 | E2 | Fail |

## How to Calculate CBSE 10th Percentage from CGPA Marks?

Calculating the percentage of your CBSE Class 10 board marks is very simple. Follow these steps:

- Add all the grade points of the main subjects.
- Divide this sum by five.
- Multiply the result of step 2 by 9.5 to get the percentage.

**Example:**

If the grade points for the 5 main subjects are:

- Subject 1: 9.3
- Subject 2: 8.7
- Subject 3: 9.5
- Subject 4: 8.1
- Subject 5: 8.9

The sum of all grade points = 44.5

So, its CGPA will be (44.5)/5 = 8.9

To convert CGPA to percentage multiply 9.5 = 8.9×9.5 = 84.55%

## Formula to Convert Percentage from CGPA Marks

To convert the percentage from CGPA, simply multiply it by 9.5.

**Overall Percentage = Overall CGPA×9.5**

## Important Indicators of the CBSE 10 Grading System

The CBSE grading system is based on two key parameters: absolute scores and percentile scores. These parameters vary depending on the difficulty level of the different subjects. Here are some important points to remember about the grading system:

- The CBSE board provides numerical scores for theory and practical papers in external subjects.
- For internal assessments, a grading system is used.
- Both numerical scores and grades for external subjects will be included in the mark sheets.
- Students are allotted five grades A, B, C, D, and E, based on their performance.
- To pass an exam, students must score at least 33% marks.

## Why CBSE Uses 9.5 to Calculate Percentage from CGPA?

Have you ever wondered why CBSE uses the metric of 9.5 instead of 10 to calculate the percentage from CGPA? This is because the top CBSE students from previous years had an average score of 9.5.

The Board calculated the mean scores for students who scored between 91 and 100 over the previous five years. The average score turned out to be approximately 95 points. Since the grade point for the marks range of 91-100 (A1 grade) is 10, they divided the average score of 95 by 10, resulting in a final metric of 9.5.

**Also Read**: CBSE Introduces Open Book Exam Pilot for Class IX to XII

## Advantages and Disadvantages of the CGPA Grading System

CGPA is a reliable tool for assessing a student’s performance over an academic year. After a detailed discussion on calculating CGPA and percentage for Class 10, here are some of the merits (advantages) and demerits (disadvantages) of the CGPA system in education.

### Advantages of CGPA

- Students can evaluate their results and analyze their performance.
- They can identify and work on their weak and strong points.
- It reduces the pressure of high scores since actual marks are not given in the results.
- It makes studying easier for students who only aim to achieve passing marks.
- Beyond academic performance, the grading system also considers assessments, class attendance, achievements, and more. This encourages students to perform well in all aspects to achieve good grades.

### Disadvantages of CGPA

- It does not provide students with their actual marks, making it harder for them to understand their exact performance in exams.
- It may lead to students being less dedicated or serious about their studies, knowing they can still achieve targeted grades despite making some mistakes on exams.
- It reduces the competitive spirit and intellectual drive of students.
- It can demotivate high-achieving students, as the grading system groups a range of scores. For example, a student with 95% and another with 92% would both receive an A1 grade.

## How to Convert CBSE 10th Percentage to CGPA?

To convert a percentage to CGPA, divide the percentage by 9.5. For example, to convert 70% to CGPA, you would divide it by 9.5, resulting in 7.4. Here are a few more examples of converting percentages to CGPA:

- Example 1: If Hari secured 75%, his CGPA would be calculated as 75 / 9.5 = 7.9.
- Example 2: If Priya secured 92%, her CGPA would be calculated as 92 / 9.5 = 9.7.